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Feasibility Study On Poultry Farming For Beginners

Are you planning to set up your own poultry farm and needed to carry out feasibility study on poultry farming. It create great business opportunity for Entrepreneurs, and provides employment for the job seeking citizens. This feasibility study will help you make your decision as regards starting your own poultry farm.

The Chicken and it’s products are very rich source of protein of which we all agreed to that – you and I need the proteins derived from chicken to maintain healthy living.

It is generally believed that every child needs not less than an egg a day for their normal growth. While every adult needs like ten in a week; Poultry also provides meat for delicacies – no tribe or religion that forbids chicken meat. Everyone likes it, that’s why poultry products sells very fast and in high demand.

SEE ALSO: How To Start Lucrative Poultry Farming (Best Guide)

The Benefits of Poultry Farming are so numerous that this page may not contain it all. Apart from the chicken being used as food, Poultry Farming is equally profitable. A good poultry farmer earns above N20 million per annul depending on how big the farm is.  All these benefits are open to you if you start your own poultry farm today!

There are basically three different breeds of bird for poultry business. We have the Broilers, Cockerels, and Layers. The Broilers grows very faster and are ready for sale at 12 weeks from hatch. Cockerels grows slower and can take up to twenty four weeks before they are matured for marketing.

But, Cockerels are reliable in terms of survival and withstanding bad weathers. They are more resilient, and can absorb shocks far better than Layers and Broilers.

Poultry Farming is a bit capital intensive – it’s all like trading money to make more money. You need to prepare for this especially if you wants to start on a higher scale. But be assured of making back whatever amount of money you invested in the business in multiple fold within a short period of time. Before you venture into poultry farming business, you need to seat back and do proper calculation and planning; make sure you have idea of all the costs involved.

In this article, I’ll be endeavor to give you the ideas of what is involved so you can build upon it; and through commenting, people can as well add their own ideas and findings to compliment the write up. So, I hope to make this article as explicit as I can, and as we keep adding updates it may end up becoming one stop destination on information about poultry farming.

SEE ALSO: How To Start Egg Supply Business In Nigeria

Currently they seem to be no high level, hi-tech poultry farms in this country like the ones we used to see in USA, Europe and Asia. Any investor who have enough nerve and needed capital to venture into it will have reasons to smile within a short period of investment. Up till now, Nigeria still import chicken from other countries because the ones the local farmers produces are not enough to meet the demand of the over 150 Million citizens.

There is certainly huge market for poultry rearing in this country as well as other countries. Now – if you’re ready to get started and hit the goldmine that is awaiting in poultry farming business, here are the basic requirements you need to set up your farm.

Acquire Land In Good Location

One plot of land of 120 x 60 square meter is perfect for setting up medium scale poultry farm, at least for a start. Once you have a land that is big enough for your farm set up, half of your need have been taken care of. Land is about the hardest and probably the most expensive part of poultry business in places like Lagos, Abuja, and other major cities.

Since you may not be allowed to carry out Poultry farming amongst residents or other populated environment due to the smell that is associated with poultry rearing and the subsequent health impact, I’ll advice that you look for land in a rural area or in farms. There you will get lands cheaper, stays out of trouble and do your production there, while your products will be transported to the urban area for sell.

You can get a large chunk of land in a developing area for small amount compared to how much you will get the same size of land in a city like Lagos. I know a woman who has her poultry farm on eight plots of land in Ijede area of Ikorodu which she acquired for less than five Hundred Thousand Naira when Ijede was still very ruler.

It is recommended that you get your own poultry farm land and build a permanent farm rather than to lease to avoid disruption. If you lease a property, the owner may decide to issue you quit notice at the point you should be settling down and making progress in the business. And relocating always comes with huge cost.

SEE ALSO: 5 Importance Steps Every Business Planner Must Take

Except you have much money to invest in poultry farming business in a large scale and operate with the best of technology, city may not be ideal for you due to the smelly nature of poultry farm. If you are in Lagos — look for lands in places like Ijebu, Imota, Odogunnya, etc. A plot of land in these area goes for within N500,000!

Build Chicken House For Your Birds

Chicken Coop or poultry house is the building where your chicken will be kept. This is the second most important part of your poultry farm set up. The sizes and construction varies based on your need but make sure the building is spacious enough for the chicken to run around.

The house should be constructed in a way that you will be able to control the ventilation and air movement. Get a qualified engineer to do designing and building for you if you are going for large scale construction. Else, you can just visit any good poultry farm to see how the house is constructed.

The diagram below is the typical design of the standard chicken house. Like I said before, visit Poultry farms to see how it is done in your area.

Poultry farm house - Feasibility study on poultry farming

Poultry farm house plan

When planning out your Hens house, always remember that space is very important. Don’t compromise on this to avoid frequent loss of your birds through suffocation and contamination.

Buy Healthy Day Old Chicks For Starting

You need to acquire your birds (normally day-old chicks) and will have to take very good care of them for the first seven to nine weeks of their life. You must buy your day-old-chicks from a healthy source — the productivity of your chicks depends on how healthy they are!

Buy from chicken hatchery that mainly deals with the supplying of different species of day-old chickens. It’s better to buy from the hatchery, Chicken hatchery usually produce good quantity of day old chicks through the use of incubators. The estimated price for day old chicken in Nigeria is N100 – N250. Negotiate the prices with the sellers, you can get it cheaper if you’re buying from 500 chicks.

SEE ALSO: How To Start Frozen Chicken Business In Nigeria And make Millions

Drop your address and phone number below in the comment box if you are day-old-chicken supplier in Nigeria so that people who needs it may patronize you. You may drop your site address if you have.

Please, do not pay anyone money until you see the chickens — 419ers are everywhere trying to take advantage of people who have the money. Be wise with your money and pay only when the goods is supplied!

So if you want to start with 500 birds for your new poultry farm, you will need nothing less than N2 million. This will cover the cost of land, a piece of land in a rural area which is quite expensive in Lagos State. And you must ensure that you have enough space for the chickens to run around; then you put up low cost poultry house or any type you think you can afford because chickens need shelter from the rain and predators.

Get Feeds, Feeders And Water Troughs

Chicken feed is very important if you want good harvest. You can buy feeds at stores and make sure you buy the sack of feed that bears the label for the kind of chickens you have, such as Broiler starter, Chick starter, Layer feeds, etc. The store feeds are basically balanced feed which will help your chickens do fine if you don’t feed them other feeds.

Avoid cheap feeds that have low nutritional value — your bird wouldn’t do well with that, don’t just buy because they are cheap, buy because the feed is quality and contains good nutritional value.

You can also set out whole grains in a separate feeder if you like. I do. This can save you a lot of money if you have a source of cheap grain, especially if you use a high-protein chicken feed. For example, a high-protein layer ration with 20% protein will be formulated for use with supplemental grain, with the assumption that the hens will eat about 50% layer ration and 50% grain.

Chicks need lots of  protein and will pretty much ignore supplemental grain until they’re older and aren’t growing as fast. There’s really little point in offering them grain until they’re 6-8 weeks old.  — Plamondon.com/faq

Apart from the feeding, you need to regularly vaccinate your chickens to protect them from bird flu and other diseases. Feeding is extensive, you have to feed them from day-old to maturity.

Important: Light must be available at all time in your poultry farm to keep the chickens warm, especially during raining season when the humidity is always very low.  Look for reliable source of power to supply your hens house with heat and light.

Most layers will start laying eggs the moment they are 18 weeks old but some wait till they are about 22 weeks old. Whichever way, Layer farming is considered the most lucrative of all poultry farming. This is because Layers do two things, they lay eggs which fetch good money in the market, and are equally sold for the meat.

A full crate of pullet eggs sells for about N500, while a crate of semi-pullet sells for N650 wholesale price. If your Layers are large enough to produce 10,000 crates of large eggs which sells for N700, you will be making at least N650 X 10,000 = N6,500,000 From eggs alone!

The chickens itself is another ball game! A fully grown chicken sells for between N2,000 and N2,500 (N1,500 to N2,000 at wholesale price) depending on the size and maturity level. Therefore, ten thousand chickens will give you N1,500 x 10,000 = N15,000,000!

You aren’t yet serious in your poultry business until you get this eBook. And the best part is that it contains complete Poultry Business Plan. Click Here to buy the poultry farming eBook

What are you waiting for? Go ahead and give it a try – you’ll have reason to smile very soon.

64 Comments

  1. Anonymous

    September 29, 2013 at 10:29 am

    Hi Darlinton,
    Thanks for your input.
    However, you mentioned about diagram of typical design of a standard chicken house in your piece but no such image is found down the line.
    Is there anywhere i can get to have a look at this.
    Thanks for you response.

    The DON

    • Darlinton Omeh

      November 7, 2013 at 7:53 am

      The diagram is there now, you can study it and plan your own house accordingly

  2. Ace

    October 25, 2013 at 12:00 pm

    I wish some that can deliver a day old broilers will see dis post nd leave dir contact cos I need it and if u knw anywher I cn get them please lemme know

    • Darlinton Omeh

      November 7, 2013 at 6:50 am

      Getting a day old chicks is not difficult, ask other poultry farmers near you, they may have it direct you to where you can get it

  3. Anonymous

    December 21, 2013 at 9:05 am

    nice work Darlinton, pls i like to know– on a large scale basis, how many day-old chicks would be adviceable for a start. thanks. i reside in the east.– Ugo

    • Darlinton Omeh

      December 23, 2013 at 9:48 am

      From 2,000 day old chicks is considered large scale, some people starts with as much as 10,000 it depends on how large you want to start from.

  4. Dayspring

    January 19, 2014 at 9:50 pm

    Mr. Omeh, thank you so much for your wonderful research work and the simplicity of your write-ups and the presentation. Are you a business consultant? You're very generous with what you share.

  5. Aman

    January 21, 2014 at 4:01 pm

    Poultry industry is definitely a growing sector now a days with too many egg and chicken lovers.

    Recently, I read an article about poultry industry in India.

  6. Fola Yusuf

    February 4, 2014 at 7:51 am

    Thanks so much bro, You've really done a wonderful job.

  7. Anonymous

    February 10, 2014 at 10:13 am

    Mr Darlington,

    Thanks for the education. Please, what is the average cost of the housing for 1,000 layers and where can one get such? In order to start poultry business in Nigeria, is there any Organization one should register with? Please, will you mind having your telephone number?

    Regards
    Olushola.

    • Darlinton Omeh

      February 10, 2014 at 4:14 pm

      You don't have to register with any organization, go ahead and start your poultry. I don't give prices because prices changes from time to time. Again, there are different types of housing, it all depends on the type you want.

  8. Anonymous

    February 11, 2014 at 6:36 pm

    Bro, I'm very glad to read ur educative nd usefull research work, I am jst a starter nd acqured the land nd even finished d construction now, bt my prblm nw is wch type should I start with that is more profitable broilers or layers? I wnt to start with 500 day old chicks need ur advice pls.

  9. Olu

    March 7, 2014 at 7:11 pm

    Hi, i really appreciate you taking the time to inform us. Do you know a link where i could see different variations in constructions for different farms. Which Hen house type would you suggest for some who is starting on a small scale with about 500-1000 hens??

  10. Atikpo Roberts

    March 13, 2014 at 7:53 pm

    compliments of the season, i have a business proposal cooking up but, I don't know if its comprehensive, was hoping you can give me a heads up with a sample or format. thanks in advance for your anticipated cooperation's.

  11. thelma

    March 24, 2014 at 12:57 am

    what is the best breed of poultry for egg production?

  12. Anonymous

    April 5, 2014 at 5:25 am

    God bless u for giving so freely.how long does it take for layers to start laying eggs.minimum time.

    • Darlinton Omeh

      April 5, 2014 at 6:58 am

      Layers starts laying eggs at 20 weeks, that's the minimum you can expect

  13. abraham bidemi

    April 20, 2014 at 11:33 am

    what if i buy 50 day old to start a business is it okay

  14. abraham bidemi

    April 20, 2014 at 11:35 am

    course i would like to start a poultry farm but i got no money that will cash up to 500 so please can start with 50-100

  15. Bale Steven

    May 19, 2014 at 8:28 am

    This research is quite resourceful, thanks!

  16. Bale Steven

    May 19, 2014 at 8:32 am

    This is quite resourceful, thanks!

  17. Bale Steven

    May 19, 2014 at 8:40 am

    This research is quite resourceful, thanks!

  18. Anonymous

    June 16, 2014 at 3:20 pm

    Want to express my great respect for your quality of humanity and candour.What do you think about starting off in a secluded, temporarily unutilised six-room building .

  19. Anonymous

    June 21, 2014 at 2:08 pm

    Thanks for Bro, please want I want to know is this. How many chicks will b comfortable in a 24×13 Chicken coop? Thanks all same and I want to b following d link

  20. Anonymous

    June 25, 2014 at 2:29 pm

    A very good piece.
    But what is the cost implications of setting up a poultry of about 25,000 chickens?

  21. Innocent Ehiabhi

    July 10, 2014 at 5:55 am

    This information is very resourceful. I was blessed by it.

  22. Chelsma George EZU-LIKE

    August 13, 2014 at 7:43 am

    Hi Darlinton, Thanks for the article. I would like to know the cost aspect of rearing the chickens before harvest. Just an estimate would do please, to help me run an informed projection.

  23. Anonymous

    September 6, 2014 at 6:20 am

    pls what and what should i consider before setting up egg sellung business here in ibadan. NOTE, egg selling not poultry sir

  24. Anonymous

    September 18, 2014 at 1:51 pm

    Hi Darlinton,Your articles are really resourcefull. If you have N1million naira and a plot of land please how will you utilize this to start poulty farming.Also how do you get market or customers

  25. Agada

    September 21, 2014 at 3:25 pm

    Marketing of poultry and poultry products is on high demand. You hardly lost in the business be encouraged.

  26. Anonymous

    October 7, 2014 at 9:32 pm

    What is the average cost of producing a crate of egg using a 2000 capacity layers

  27. Emad

    October 8, 2014 at 12:09 pm

    Your help is very fascinating thing to us but I want to know the Feasibility study of 1000 chicks rearing .the cost of every components in the farm in Nigeria .

  28. gozie

    October 26, 2014 at 5:52 pm

    Im going to try this in Jos. I will suggest a power bank to us for lighting and heating up the chicks.

  29. Anonymous

    November 13, 2014 at 10:47 am

    Can I have an estimated cost for the above standard chicken house in your Article.Thanks

  30. Anonymous

    January 4, 2015 at 7:54 am

    thanks for all u have lectured us

  31. Anonymous

    January 4, 2015 at 7:55 am

    thanks for all u have lectured us

  32. Anonymous

    January 4, 2015 at 7:55 am

    thanks for all u have lectured us

  33. Anonymous

    January 4, 2015 at 7:56 am

    tanks for all u have lectured us

  34. Anonymous

    January 4, 2015 at 2:52 pm

    can I get a sincere advise on how to go about investing N5,000,000 in integrated poultry & catfish production……possibly a feasibility document will be helpful!!!

  35. Anonymous

    January 7, 2015 at 1:57 am

    thanks for this . pls can i start with 50day old chicks

  36. Anonymous

    January 18, 2015 at 10:49 am

    Am blessed already and i have started working on it

  37. Anonymous

    May 1, 2015 at 8:51 am

    Please i need help.
    From the point of purchase of a day chicken to my destination is about 5hours how can my chicken survive. Or what is the possibility of survival of my chicken

  38. Liu Mary

    November 27, 2015 at 7:12 am

    This is Mary Liu from China, I'm now working in a company who are specialized in providing automatic poultry farming equipment for broiler chickens, including chicken feeders and waterers, ventilation fan, cooling pad and so on. If there are some friends who are interest, please feel free to contact with me. Very glad to make friends with you.

    • envoy

      December 18, 2015 at 4:49 pm

      pls where are you ? i will need to contact you for more discussion.

    • Michael Ojoh

      February 2, 2016 at 3:00 pm

      Mary Liu,
      I will appreciate it if you can send me pictures of the equipment you talked about. Thanks

    • Fubara Dappa-Wilcox

      February 11, 2016 at 7:23 am

      Liu, please send me pictures and costs for battery cages with automated drinkers and other recommended farming equipment for a 6,000 layer poultry farm in Rivers State of Nigeria. Also recommend dimensions for the poultry house for it.

    • Tunde Oluwa

      March 28, 2016 at 1:44 pm

      Hello Liu,
      I am interested in your product. Kindly send me samples pictures of what you have.
      Thanks.

    • Seyi James

      April 17, 2016 at 7:39 pm

      Kindly show pictture samples of the equipment types fir clarity to enable possible choices.

    • Segun

      May 9, 2016 at 2:45 pm

      Hi Liu,

      I am interested in the products/equipment you have. Please send pictures and cost.

      Thanks.

  39. envoy

    December 18, 2015 at 4:48 pm

    This is wonderful,i have already know that you have something reasonable for us.Thank you so much.i personally can not thank you enough.pls we should try to make research about the business we want to start.This guy have really tried.If anyone is selling a day old bird or any other equipment for starting of poulry,he or she should indicate here.

  40. Olumide

    January 23, 2016 at 1:26 pm

    The illustration is not explanatory enough, you said 10000 crates…, about 300,000 birds will produce that amount of crate and the same should go for the sale of the old layers which is meant to be 300000 multiplied by 2500. I believe the small scale production could have been the best illustration.

    • Darlinton Omeh

      January 23, 2016 at 3:01 pm

      The 10,000 crates of eggs are not to be produced in one day. 5,000 layers can produce more than 10,000 crates of eggs in one year at the rate of one eggs in two days.

      • Olumide

        January 24, 2016 at 10:25 am

        Thanks for the explanation. Pls I will like to know the cost of feeding of 1000 4weeks old chicks till 14weeks. Thanks

  41. Igwebike Afocha

    February 11, 2016 at 10:06 am

    Kindly confirm the cost of feeding a thousand 4 weeks old broiler for another 4 weeks.
    Als the cost of a four weeks broiler.
    Best regards,
    Igwebike Afocha

  42. mrs Adejuwon

    February 28, 2016 at 9:25 am

    Very generous of you to have given this resourceful piece for free,late Zigziglar said and I quote “you can achieve anything you want in life just by helpig enough other people achieve what they want” God will continue to enlarge your coast. Am currently on catfish fingerling and juvenile production and your write-up has given more confidence. I’ll appreciate if u can give a mobile no through which i can chat you. Thank you

  43. Larry Jacobs

    March 29, 2016 at 11:42 am

    Darlington, Please be circumspective in your advice to your readers and followers. It will be nice if you reserach your topics well enough before giving them out. This piece is not balanced sir. There are inputs and there outputs There is no need to paint a rossy picture that is not altogether true in other to attract people to a business that is HIGLY TECHNICAL like bird rearing….

  44. Sir sols

    April 6, 2016 at 10:04 am

    How much will it cost to build a poultry farm house

  45. CHRISTOPHER

    April 12, 2016 at 2:27 am

    OGA DARLO; CAN I GET YOUR PHONE NUMBER PLEASE? KINDLY SEND OT TO MY EMAIL ADDRESS..

  46. James Seyi

    April 17, 2016 at 7:43 pm

    Kindly show photos of your equiment types for clarity and possible

  47. Adenuga Folasade

    April 24, 2016 at 10:47 am

    Thanks so much for the info.please can I get an expert from you to help me build my chicken coop. It’s really urgent. The proposed site is in ijebu ijesha after Ilishan where Babcock university is.

  48. Peter Essien

    May 4, 2016 at 2:58 pm

    I AM VERY MUCH INTERESTED IN SETTING up SMALL SCALE POULTRY FARM. Is there any template use to know the size of chicken house meant for certain number of birds?. And so what size of chicken house is ok for 500 birds?.
    Thanks.

  49. alade joshua

    May 5, 2016 at 8:13 pm

    great and perfect presentation. thanks

  50. Fesobi Olumide

    May 14, 2016 at 12:56 pm

    For your day old chicks and consultation on poultry and crop production. Pls contact me on

  51. Maro

    May 22, 2016 at 1:56 pm

    Great Job sir! I wish there’s a way to contact you for more info and advice.. All the same it’s a nice work you have done.

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