Feasibility Study on Poultry Farming in Nigeria

Poultry farming in has become one of the most important aspect of farming for many reasons. It create great business opportunity for Entrepreneurs, and provides employment for the job seeking citizens. This feasibility study will help you make your decision as regards starting your own poultry farm.

The Chicken and it's products are very rich source of protein of which we all agreed to that - you and I need the proteins derived from chicken to maintain healthy living.

It is generally believed that every child needs not less than an egg a day for their normal growth. While every adult needs like ten in a week; Poultry also provides meat for delicacies - no tribe or religion that forbids chicken meat. Everyone likes it, that's why poultry products sells very fast and in high demand.

The Benefits of Poultry Farming are so numerous that this page may not contain it all. Apart from the chicken being used as food, Poultry Farming is equally profitable. A good poultry farmer earns above N20 million per annul depending on how big the farm is.  All these benefits are open to you if you start your own poultry farm today!

There are basically three different breeds of bird for poultry business. We have the Broilers, Cockerels, and Layers. The Broilers grows very faster and are ready for sale at 12 weeks from hatch. Cockerels grows slower and can take up to twenty four weeks before they are matured for marketing.

But, Cockerels are reliable in terms of survival and withstanding bad weathers. They are more resilient, and can absorb shocks far better than Layers and Broilers.

Poultry Farming is a bit capital intensive - it's all like trading money to make more money. You need to prepare for this especially if you wants to start on a higher scale. But be assured of making back whatever amount of money you invested in the business in multiple fold within a short period of time. Before you venture into poultry farming business, you need to seat back and do proper calculation and planning; make sure you have idea of all the costs involved.

In this article, I'll be endeavor to give you the ideas of what is involved so you can build upon it; and through commenting, people can as well add their own ideas and findings to compliment the write up. So, I hope to make this article as explicit as I can, and as we keep adding updates it may end up becoming one stop destination on information about poultry farming in Nigeria!

Typical Poultry Farm Location
Currently they seem to be no high level, hi-tech poultry farms in this country like the ones we used to see in USA, Europe and Asia. Any investor who have enough nerve and needed capital to venture into it will have reasons to smile within a short period of investment. Up till now, Nigeria still import chicken from other countries because the ones the local farmers produces are not enough to meet the demand of the over 150 Million citizens.
There is certainly huge market for poultry rearing but the question is: Who will take advantage of the opportunity in the industry to create wealth. Now - if you're ready to get started and hit the goldmine in poultry farming, here are the basic requirements you need to set up your farm.

Acquire Land in Good Location

One plot of land of 120 x 60 square meter is perfect for setting up medium scale poultry farm, at least for a start. Once you have a land that is big enough for your farm set up, half of your need have been taken care of. Land is about the hardest and probably the most expensive part of poultry business in places like Lagos, Abuja, and other major cities.

Since you may not be allowed to carry out Poultry farming amongst residents or other populated environment due to the smell that is associated with poultry rearing and the subsequent health impact, I'll advice that you look for land in a rural area or in farms. There you will get lands cheaper, stays out of trouble and do your production there, while your products will be transported to the urban area for sell.

You can get a large chunk of land in a developing area for small amount compared to how much you will get the same size of land in a city like Lagos. I know a woman who has her poultry farm on eight plots of land in Ijede area of Ikorodu which she acquired for less than five Hundred Thousand Naira when Ijede was still very ruler.

It is recommended that you get your own poultry farm land and build a permanent farm rather than to lease to avoid disruption. If you lease a property, the owner may decide to issue you quit notice at the point you should be settling down and making progress in the business. And relocating always comes with huge cost.

Except you have much money to invest in poultry farming business in a large scale and operate with the best of technology, city may not be ideal for you due to the smelly nature of poultry farm. If you are in Lagos -- look for lands in places like Ijebu, Imota, Odogunnya, etc. A plot of land in these area goes for within N500,000!

Build Chicken House For Your Birds

Chicken Coop or Hen house is the building where your chicken will be kept. This is the second most important part of your poultry farm set up. The sizes and construction varies based on your need but make sure the building is spacious enough for the chicken to run around.

The house should be constructed in a way that you will be able to control the ventilation and air movement. Get a qualified engineer to do designing and building for you if you are going for large scale construction. Else, you can just visit any good poultry farm to see how the house is constructed.

The diagram below is the typical design of the standard chicken house. Like I said before, visit Poultry farms to see how it is done in your area.

When planning out your Hens house, always remember that space is very important. Don't compromise on this to avoid frequent loss of your birds through suffocation and contamination.

  Buy Healthy Day Old Chicks For Starting

You need to acquire your birds (normally day-old chicks) and will have to take very good care of them for the first seven to nine weeks of their life. You must buy your day-old-chicks from a healthy source -- the productivity of your chicks depends on how healthy they are!

Buy from chicken hatchery that mainly deals with the supplying of different species of day-old chickens. It's better to buy from the hatchery, Chicken hatchery usually produce good quantity of day old chicks through the use of incubators. The estimated price for day old chicken in Nigeria is N100 - N250. Negotiate the prices with the sellers, you can get it cheaper if you're buying from 500 chicks.

Drop your address and phone number below in the comment box if you are day-old-chicken supplier in Nigeria so that people who needs it may patronize you. You may drop your site address if you have.

Please, do not pay anyone money until you see the chickens -- 419ers are everywhere trying to take advantage of people who have the money. Be wise with your money and pay only when the goods is supplied!

So if you are to start with 500 birds for instance, you will need about N2 million. This will buy you a piece of land which is quite expensive in Lagos State. And you must ensure that you have enough space for the chickens to run around; then you put up structures because chickens need shelter from the rain and predators - Vanguardngr.com!

Get Feeds, Feeders and Water Troughs

Chicken feed is very important if you want good harvest. You can buy feeds at stores and make sure you buy the sack of feed that bears the label for the kind of chickens you have, such as Broiler starter, Chick starter, Layer feeds, etc. The store feeds are basically balanced feed which will help your chickens do fine if you don't feed them other feeds.

Avoid cheap feeds that have low nutritional value -- your bird wouldn't do well with that, don't just buy because they are cheap, buy because the feed is quality and contains good nutritional value.

You can also set out whole grains in a separate feeder if you like. I do. This can save you a lot of money if you have a source of cheap grain, especially if you use a high-protein chicken feed. For example, a high-protein layer ration with 20% protein will be formulated for use with supplemental grain, with the assumption that the hens will eat about 50% layer ration and 50% grain.

Chicks need lots of  protein and will pretty much ignore supplemental grain until they're older and aren't growing as fast. There's really little point in offering them grain until they're 6-8 weeks old.  -- Plamondon.com/faq

Apart from the feeding, you need to regularly vaccinate your chickens to protect them from bird flu and other diseases. Feeding is extensive, you have to feed them from day-old to maturity.

Important: Light must be available at all time in your poultry farm to keep the chickens warm, especially during raining season when the humidity is always very low.  Look for reliable source of power to supply your hens house with heat and light.

Most layers will start laying eggs the moment they are 18 weeks old but some wait till they are about 22 weeks old. Whichever way, Layer farming is considered the most lucrative of all poultry farming. This is because Layers do two things, they lay eggs which fetch good money in the market, and are equally sold for the meat.

A full crate of pullet eggs sells for about N500, while a crate of semi-pullet sells for N650 wholesale price. If your Layers are large enough to produce 10,000 crates of large eggs which sells for N700, you will be making at least N650 X 10,000 = N6,500,000 From eggs alone!

The chickens itself is another ball game! A fully grown chicken sells for between N2,000 and N2,500 (N1,500 to N2,000 at wholesale price) depending on the size and maturity level. Therefore, ten thousand chickens will give you N1,500 x 10,000 = N15,000,000!

What Next...

You need addition resources to make your poultry business a successful one. 

Join other poultry farmers who have made our Poultry Farming eBook their companion towards starting their poultry farms and managing it effectively.  

You aren't yet serious in your poultry business until you get this eBook. And the best part is that it contains complete Poultry Business Plan. Click Here to buy the poultry farming eBook

What are you waiting for? Go ahead and give it a try - you'll have reason to smile very soon. 
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  1. Hi Darlinton,
    Thanks for your input.
    However, you mentioned about diagram of typical design of a standard chicken house in your piece but no such image is found down the line.
    Is there anywhere i can get to have a look at this.
    Thanks for you response.

    The DON

    1. The diagram is there now, you can study it and plan your own house accordingly

  2. I wish some that can deliver a day old broilers will see dis post nd leave dir contact cos I need it and if u knw anywher I cn get them please lemme know

    1. Getting a day old chicks is not difficult, ask other poultry farmers near you, they may have it direct you to where you can get it

  3. nice work Darlinton, pls i like to know-- on a large scale basis, how many day-old chicks would be adviceable for a start. thanks. i reside in the east.-- Ugo

    1. From 2,000 day old chicks is considered large scale, some people starts with as much as 10,000 it depends on how large you want to start from.

  4. Mr. Omeh, thank you so much for your wonderful research work and the simplicity of your write-ups and the presentation. Are you a business consultant? You're very generous with what you share.

  5. Poultry industry is definitely a growing sector now a days with too many egg and chicken lovers.

    Recently, I read an article about poultry industry in India.

  6. Thanks so much bro, You've really done a wonderful job.

  7. Mr Darlington,

    Thanks for the education. Please, what is the average cost of the housing for 1,000 layers and where can one get such? In order to start poultry business in Nigeria, is there any Organization one should register with? Please, will you mind having your telephone number?


    1. You don't have to register with any organization, go ahead and start your poultry. I don't give prices because prices changes from time to time. Again, there are different types of housing, it all depends on the type you want.

  8. Bro, I'm very glad to read ur educative nd usefull research work, I am jst a starter nd acqured the land nd even finished d construction now, bt my prblm nw is wch type should I start with that is more profitable broilers or layers? I wnt to start with 500 day old chicks need ur advice pls.

  9. Hi, i really appreciate you taking the time to inform us. Do you know a link where i could see different variations in constructions for different farms. Which Hen house type would you suggest for some who is starting on a small scale with about 500-1000 hens??

  10. compliments of the season, i have a business proposal cooking up but, I don't know if its comprehensive, was hoping you can give me a heads up with a sample or format. thanks in advance for your anticipated cooperation's.

  11. what is the best breed of poultry for egg production?

  12. God bless u for giving so freely.how long does it take for layers to start laying eggs.minimum time.

    1. Layers starts laying eggs at 20 weeks, that's the minimum you can expect

  13. what if i buy 50 day old to start a business is it okay

  14. course i would like to start a poultry farm but i got no money that will cash up to 500 so please can start with 50-100

  15. This research is quite resourceful, thanks!

  16. This is quite resourceful, thanks!

  17. This research is quite resourceful, thanks!

  18. Want to express my great respect for your quality of humanity and candour.What do you think about starting off in a secluded, temporarily unutilised six-room building .

  19. Thanks for Bro, please want I want to know is this. How many chicks will b comfortable in a 24x13 Chicken coop? Thanks all same and I want to b following d link

  20. A very good piece.
    But what is the cost implications of setting up a poultry of about 25,000 chickens?

  21. Innocent EhiabhiJuly 10, 2014 at 6:55 AM

    This information is very resourceful. I was blessed by it.

  22. Hi Darlinton, Thanks for the article. I would like to know the cost aspect of rearing the chickens before harvest. Just an estimate would do please, to help me run an informed projection.

  23. pls what and what should i consider before setting up egg sellung business here in ibadan. NOTE, egg selling not poultry sir

  24. Hi Darlinton,Your articles are really resourcefull. If you have N1million naira and a plot of land please how will you utilize this to start poulty farming.Also how do you get market or customers

  25. Marketing of poultry and poultry products is on high demand. You hardly lost in the business be encouraged.

  26. What is the average cost of producing a crate of egg using a 2000 capacity layers

  27. Your help is very fascinating thing to us but I want to know the Feasibility study of 1000 chicks rearing .the cost of every components in the farm in Nigeria .

  28. Im going to try this in Jos. I will suggest a power bank to us for lighting and heating up the chicks.

  29. Can I have an estimated cost for the above standard chicken house in your Article.Thanks

  30. thanks for all u have lectured us

  31. thanks for all u have lectured us

  32. thanks for all u have lectured us

  33. tanks for all u have lectured us

  34. can I get a sincere advise on how to go about investing N5,000,000 in integrated poultry & catfish production......possibly a feasibility document will be helpful!!!

  35. thanks for this . pls can i start with 50day old chicks

  36. Am blessed already and i have started working on it

  37. Please i need help.
    From the point of purchase of a day chicken to my destination is about 5hours how can my chicken survive. Or what is the possibility of survival of my chicken


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