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Start Plantain Plantation Today and Harvest Cash All Year Round

Another secret cash machine that many people tend to ignore is plantain plantation, Plantain is very easy to cultivate and maintain unlike other cash crops. And it’s a low capital requirement farming business. Almost every Nigerian soil is good for the plant as experience has shown contrary to what scientist will tell you. Therefore, if you have any land with loamy soil, you are good to go.

Plantains are a staple food in the tropical regions of the world, the tenth most important staple that feeds the world. Plantains are treated in much the same way as potatoes and with a similar neutral flavor and texture when the unripe fruit is cooked by steaming, boiling or frying.


Plantains fruit all year round, which makes the crop more reliable all-season staple food, particularly in developing countries like Nigeria with inadequate food storage, preservation and transportation technologies. In Africa, plantains and bananas provide more than 25 percent of the carbohydrate requirements for over 70 million people.

plantains, thrive in tropical regions. Warm temperatures, bright sun and adequate moisture create optimum growing environments. Tropical soils, however, are not always suitable for plantain production.

Tropical regions of the world, including the plantain producing regions of southeastern Nigeria, often exhibit soils that are nutrient poor, that’s what scientist says but experience has proved contrary as you can see. There is hardly any part of Nigeria that you wouldn’t see plantain, that means it can do well on most Nigerian soil. To cultivate a plantain plantation, you’ll need the following:-

1. Land with good soil – Loamy soils are the best producing soils because they contain a good organic to inorganic ratio. Organic materials, such as decaying plants and insects, provide soil with air, nutrients and water-retaining matter. This combination of ingredients, when combined with mineral particles, allows soil to remain loose and fertile.

In tropical rain forests part of Nigeria, organically rich soils are shallow. Plantains will thrive for one to three years but then die back because the layer of organic matter is easily depleted. To avoid depletion, it is necessary to provide soils with compost and mulch.

2. Prepare the soil – Clear the land and cut some of the trees if any, Plantain plants also grow best in bunches or groups because they protect each other from the harsh rays of the sun. It is important to create an environment where the plantain plants are sheltered either because they are bunched up together or there are other trees to protect them.

It is important to maintain the humidity of the plantain plantation by allowing some of the trees to remain for the purpose of protecting the plant from excessive sun and to enhance the humidity.

3. Get the plantain suckers – Considering that a plantain plant is not a tree but a type of herb, they cannot actually be grown from seeds like most trees. Plantain plants are grown through suckers. Suckers are those that grow from a dying, mature plantain plant that can be transplanted and re-grown. They may be considered as baby plants that are used to start new plantain plants. Choose suckers from plants that are vigorous. They should have small, spear shaped leaves and are about four feet high.

There is a corm at the bottom of each mature plantain tree. In transplanting a sucker, it is necessary to cut downwards and get as much corm and root as possible. Plant these and cut or decapitate the sucker to facilitate good evaporation. Keep around two to five meters between planted suckers. In the early days of your plant, keep them moist but not too wet as they don’t have leaves yet to evaporate the water.

4. Control the weeds – The weeds control is very important if you want your plantain to do well, the cost of weed management could account for up to. 45% of the total cost of plantain plantation management in Nigeria. Use traditional weed control of employing laborer to do the weed cutting.

As the plantain grows, it is important to protect it from strong winds. It is also important to keep it well watered. One can also sprinkle fertilizers every now and then but mostly throwing the plantain dead leaves back into the plant is enough to sustain the rich quality of the soil.

Unlike other trees, plantain do not need complicated pruning. Just remove dead leaves and dead plants near the plantain. Also remove suckers from the plant keeping only one or two that have spear shaped leaves.

If you must use a fertilizer, Use an NPK fertilizer, or a fertilizer mixed with nitrogen, potassium and phosphorous. Fertilizing the plantains once a month will stimulate growth. The fertilizer should be placed evenly in a circle that is four to eight feet from the trunk.

Within 8-10months your plantain should be ready to produce, and as one is getting matured for harvest, another one is replacing it, they continue in that circle removing any stress expenses of planting again. All you do is to harvest and reap your profits all year round. The same thing apply to Banana.


  1. Anonymous

    August 31, 2013 at 9:37 pm

    God bless you for giving hope and enlightenment to those who have ears to hear!

  2. Otonye

    October 1, 2013 at 11:16 am

    thank you. I found this site very enlightening. I am actually interested in snail farming . I love snails and I think I can eat some and sell some. Otonye from portharcourt.

  3. Alabama

    November 4, 2013 at 4:35 pm

    I have over one hundred acres of land and I want to go into commercial production of plantain flour and chips, question, where do I get hybrid sucker to plant and what states or town can we outsource in large quantity to jump start our own plantain flour factory. Thank you

    • Darlinton Omeh

      November 4, 2013 at 4:43 pm

      I don't know where you can get it large quantity but I'll try and find out. Anyone who knows should pls share the information with others

    • Anonymous

      June 18, 2014 at 9:34 am

      are u in port-harcourtif yes I think I can help I currently have a plantain plantation of 100 plantains and 25 bananas I can link you to where I got mine

      • Stephen Kio-Iyalla

        January 29, 2016 at 7:56 pm

        Please I will like to see what you have on ground, please text your number to me

    • Anonymous

      November 30, 2014 at 3:19 pm

      Good day, how many plots of land accommodated the 100 stands of plantain n 25 stands of banana

  4. aina segun

    November 8, 2013 at 10:00 am

    Interesting…Pls how much is the minimum amount someone can use to set up this plantain farming?…Segun.

  5. DEE

    December 28, 2013 at 7:57 am

    Hello Darlington, I stumbled on this website and its very informative. I have about 5 Hectares of farm land in Abuja and was considering starting a Plantain plantation. But the weather here can be pretty hash, so i'm looking for guidance as to what i can plant here aside from Cassava, Maiza, Millet or Sorghum. Any pointer will be appreciated.

  6. DEE

    December 28, 2013 at 8:03 am

    Thank you for this website which i found quiet informative. I am based in Abuja and have a 5 Hectares of farm land (not currently in use). I had wanted to start a Plantain Plantation, but on reading about the requirements especially the weather – It can be a bit hash here.
    So now i am wondering which direction to go aside from the usual Cassava, Maiza, millet, etc. Any pointer would be appreciated.

    • Darlinton Omeh

      December 28, 2013 at 9:55 am

      Well, you need to think about it seriously and come up with the kind of crop you think will do well there.

      If you are looking for long term, you may consider Palm, Cashew, Green Peas, and other cash crops.

      If you are looking at short terms, you need to look at Vegetables (Ugu, Carrot, Okra, Green beans, Cucumber,) Cassava, Rice, Beans, Soybeans.

  7. Anonymous

    March 10, 2014 at 1:58 pm

    I have 15,000 hybrid plantain suckers @ Simeon & Moses Farms, for sale @ N500 /sucker or N700/sucker to be delivered at you choice destination within Nigeria. Another 30000 will be available in 3months time. book by text psm / quantity/delivery point/ amount per sucker to 07061667090. Pls do not pay any money to any one claiming to be our rep.

    • Anonymous

      September 6, 2014 at 4:58 pm

      Farming is not a racket, hybride suckers goes for #100 un ogun state

    • Anonymous

      November 24, 2014 at 7:51 pm

      Thank you. It's even N120 here in Abuja. Some people eh. N500 ni, N700 ko

  8. Ask

    July 10, 2014 at 4:50 pm

    What should be the spacing between each sucker? Thanks

  9. Anonymous

    July 13, 2014 at 9:28 am

    Please,how many plantain stands can i have in an Hectare


    July 28, 2014 at 10:22 am

    Nice nice nice……am seriously considering starting a plantain plantation… one and only challenge now is which type/specie is best in terms of high yield, size…..and wer to get/buy the suckers….or rather…is there any place someone can take a training course on planting plantain/other crops….. Am seriously serious abt this

  11. Anonymous

    August 13, 2014 at 3:40 am

    I leave in japan I am thinking to come back home to start plantain farming , but I need land for it

    • Darlinton Omeh

      August 13, 2014 at 7:00 am

      We can help you secure a land suitable for plantain farming

  12. Gabby D' Souza

    September 19, 2014 at 10:39 pm

    Does anyone know the name of the trees in the picture? Thanks

  13. Anonymous

    September 30, 2014 at 9:56 am

    Good job you are doing here.
    Pls am seriously interested pineapple plantation. Land is not my problem,I hav more than enough but how do I get the hybrid pineapple suckers.tnxs

  14. Anonymous

    September 30, 2014 at 9:57 am

    Good job you are doing here.
    Pls am seriously interested pineapple plantation. Land is not my problem,I hav more than enough but how do I get the hybrid pineapple suckers.tnxs

  15. Anonymous

    October 8, 2014 at 8:48 am


  16. Bernie Amce

    December 2, 2014 at 12:18 pm

    God bless

  17. Chiege Kelechi

    January 1, 2015 at 11:07 pm

    I have a Plantain farm in Abia State presently with 380 sucker spots. I intend to build it up to 5000 spots and have the land for this increase. How can I access loan/ facility to help me meet this target.

  18. Ken

    January 20, 2015 at 3:51 pm

    This is very useful and enlightening. I wish to start a plantation and banana plantation and i would require the intellectual knowhow in that regards. Thanks.

  19. Anonymous

    June 19, 2015 at 10:37 am

    Frank, please where can we get plantain sucker to buy in quantity and good quality

  20. Anonymous

    December 11, 2015 at 12:42 pm

    Please where can I get hybrid suckers.

  21. Bolaji

    January 24, 2016 at 4:53 pm

    I leave in Ibadan, I need an expert and experience person in planting plantation to consult me, money is not a problem, I just need right person.

  22. Iam Umason

    February 1, 2016 at 9:10 am

    traditional practice is to put ashes around the plantain this makes them firmer to the soil. can poultry droppings be used as manure instead of npk?

    • Darlinton Omeh

      February 1, 2016 at 9:39 am

      At the early stage, NPK is the right recommended fertilizer plus other combinations.

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