Agriculture15 Comments

Beans is the third most consumed food stuff in Nigeria and other West African countries after Rice and Cassava. Sadly, most of the beans we eat in this country are from Niger Republic, putting money and employment into the hands of the neighboring country when our own soil is even better for Beans farming. So why exactly are we not much into beans farming in Nigeria despite the huge demand in consumption?

Well, the answer lays on the same shortsightedness that average Nigerians always exhibit when it comes to business. If you can look beyond the obvious, you’d find out that very few investment offers same steady income as farming does in Nigeria, including beans farming.

Experience has shown that lands in the south east and south west Nigeria are extremely good for beans farming. I wonder why some men and women prefer to keep wandering around Lagos, prefer to roast corns and plantains at the bus stops in Lagos when opportunity is wasting away in the villages. What exactly are they looking for?

Why neglect the opportunities God has given you and keep looking for what he has not assigned to you? No pastor, no amount of night virgil will put money in your pocket if you have not worked for it. God can only bless your hard work if it is properly channeled, not lack of it! Beans farming in Nigeria is one of the means you can properly channel your hard work.

As a legume, beans is one of the easiest source of protein for the family and every family eats it, both rich and poor. No culture or religion that forbids beans in Nigeria and it can be prepared in so many forms, making it one of the most versatile food staple in Nigeria. When you engage in the farming of food that is highly in demand as beans, you are sure of creating wealth. So, this how it goes-

SEE ALSO: How To Start Soybean Farming

A 100kg bag of beans is currently sold for N27,000 and there is even time of the year the price used to go as high as N36,000, like when the new beans is yet to come out. Let’s assume you have 100 bags of beans right now and sell for N27,000. You would be making N27,000 x 100 = N2,700,000

Beans Farming

This Beans Field was planted around May

To cultivate beans farm that will yield you 100 bags, you may not need more than N1million naira, provided you can get land in cheap location or you already have good land that is big enough and suitable for beans farming. Another factor that may drive your cost lower is cheap labor, if you can get laborers that charges less, your over head cost would be highly reduced.

Things You Need To Start Beans Farming

1. Good Farm Land

You need to get your farm land in area with suitable climate for optimum growth and performance. Beans don’t grow well in area with too much rain. It require a moderate but well distributed rainfall of about 300 to 400 mm per crop cycle. Dry weather is essential during harvest while prolonged dry conditions or extreme wetness are harmful to crop.

Climbing types will yield well in areas of high rainfall while the dwarf types are more sensitive to high soil moisture levels. Suitable soil types range is from light to moderately heavy and to peaty with organic matter soils that is near neutral pH and good drainage. Common bean is sensitive to salt, you must avoid salty area.

SEE ALSO: How To Start Tomato Farming

Having found the suitable land for your plantation, next is to get it prepared in readiness for plating. Clear the land properly and burn the grass, then use tractor cultivator to Plows the oil and loosen the earth. Some people do plan just after clearing but properly cleared land do better than the just cleared and planted.

2. Select the Best Seeds

The verities of beans that does well in Nigeria are: The White Beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris) and The Red Beans. Select the best verity and do the seed selection too. It is not just enough to select the right verity, you need to manually do the seed selection to ensure you are planting only the best and the most health seeds.

3. Planting

Beans can be planted in either rows or blocks, with 6 inches between each seed. Plant the seeds 2 inches deep into the soil and cover it with the soft surface soil. If possible, let the seed eyes face the ground.

Under normal circumstances and idea conditions, bean would begin to sprout with 6 days of planting and grow into a good sprout within two weeks.

4. Maintenance

Beans does very well in normal soil fertility and does not require fertilizer in most cases. Only fertilize where levels of soil fertility are very low. If you are to fertilize, start after heavy bloom and set of pods. The most suitable fertilizer is the high Nitrogen type.

Use a light hand when applying high nitrogen fertilizer, or you will get lush very beautiful plants but with few beans. So, you need to be moderate in applying fertilizer.

Weeding is essential to the well being of the plant. Be very diligent while weeding and use shallow cultivation to avoid disturbing the roots.

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  • Francis Fidelix April 13, 2018

    which time is the best for planting beans in ondo state


  • Francis Fidelix April 13, 2018

    sir, which time of the season can I plant beans in ondo state bcos I m interested in it


  • Suleiman dahiru April 7, 2018

    How do I get best seed that is Sweet able to my area daura katsina state nigeria


  • Gbolahan Omisesan March 14, 2018

    Where can I find Irish potatoes seeds and beans seedlings to buy. Please send me a lead. Thanks


  • Yusufu myefu November 22, 2017

    I’m real interested with beans production but I want to know how can reach the external market


  • Kabir September 12, 2017

    Sir, we ‘re now in September should i plant a white beans now?


  • Sodiq September 6, 2017

    If properly manage as you instruuct how many ton of beans is inside 2 acre of land


  • Demybaba1 March 26, 2017

    When can I plant beans in Ondo state


  • tony15sept January 28, 2017

    i want to be involved in cultivating beans


  • Rabzy September 14, 2016

    Please at what times of the year is the prices of beans, groundnut and maize cheap and at what time do they become expensive.


  • ChrisOdogwu August 23, 2016

    How long do beans stay to mature. Thks sir,again where can I get the seed to plant,am in Ota pgun state


  • Jamil August 13, 2016

    Late August to early September


  • Tony Majali July 20, 2016

    What month of year do we start planting beans? Am within FCT Abuja.


  • shedrack June 15, 2016

    thanks slot sir. you are my coach.


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