Agriculture22 Comments

Poultry products as a high demand – Poultry Business in Nigeria is a big business that gives enough meat and eggs for daily consumption of people. Eggs and chicken meat gives the necessary protein that the body needs. There is a popular slogan from the poultry farmers association that goes thus “Eat an egg a day it is good for your daily growth”.To be a poultry farmer means you can be a boss of your own. In this article, we want look at the requirements and cost of starting a poultry business of your own.

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Do you know there are four common categories of  birds you can start a poultry with namely; Layers, Broilers, Cockerels and Turkey?

Are you looking for a business to invest in? Are you interested in poultry farming business? Then I advice you should read on as I will be sharing with you strategic information on how to start a poultry farming business from scratch and grow it successfully.

Poultry Business is a business you would enjoy doing; it is an interesting business, very lucrative, though it is capital intensive.The poultry industry is a broad one. There are many sub-sectors in the poultry business  which you can tap into. Below are arms in the poultry business:

Egg production (Layers breeding)

Meat production (Broilers and cockerel breeding)

Chicken breeding (Hatchery)

Poultry feed production

Poultry equipment manufacturing

Egg and meat processing, packaging and marketing

Here Are The List Of Items And Cost Of Starting A Poultry Business

Acquire A Land

To start a poultry business, you must acquire a land. As long as it is not close to a residential  area, any land is okay. It is highly necessary you acquire a land of your own and most importantly you acquire a land in a rural area. I mean areas that are just developing where you can buy a plot of land at $ 334 and 1 acre at  $2,000.

Construct A Poultry House

Poultry house is where the birds are kept. Constructing a poultry house for your birds means you have to  contract laborers to clear the land and contract  a carpenter  to construct a house on the land. The materials needed to construct a house are

A. wire net 4 bundles at $174,

B. Different sizes of nail cost $67

C. Building Planks will cost $1000

D. Zinc 10 bundles $434

Once a carpenter has completed his work on the land, a bricklayer needs to work on the land as well. A brick layer’s work on the land is to dig the deep litters, smooth-en the floor with cement and to set bricks round the pen house.

Deep litters: is the gutter run in the pen that leads into a sock away. It  is where the birds litter drop into day by day. It is important you drill a borehole on the land because water is very essential in poultry business.

Get Battery Cage

There are different places to buy wired cages, the number of  birds you want to start with will determine the units of cages to buy. Start with 1,500 birds, one unit of cage with automatic drinker will serve 90 birds. That means you will buy 17 units of cages with automatic drinkers.  One unit costs  $200 therefore, 17 units cost $3400. Seventeen units of cage with automatic drinkers will be set in just 3 days.

Buy The Birds

Since the pen house is made ready, you can now buy the birds. Make sure you buy your birds from good and reliable sources like Zartech and Chi. Buy point of lay i.e age of birds between 16 weeks old  to 20 weeks old. The color comes in brown or black any color you prefer is okay. 1 point of lay costs $7  and so 1,500 birds costs  $10500.

Bird Feed

200 birds will consume 25 kg of feed in a day and so 1,500 birds will consume 187.5kg in a day, kg of  growers feed cost $12. That means in a day you will feed 1,500 birds with $90. In a week it costs $630


Buy medication like  Vitamin, Antibiotics and Dewormer.

Vitamin: Buy vitaminotrace;  one litre will cost $15. Vitamin revitalizes the internal system of the birds especially when the birds have undergone stress. This medication is usually repeated weekly.

Antibiotics: Enrofloxercine is a type of antibiotics used in flushing the internal system of the birds. It comes in 100mls, It costs $5, and it will be administered for one week and usually repeated after 6 weeks.

DEWORMER: A good name in dewormer is Kepromeg. It comes in powdery form and it is usually administered after 2 days and would be repeated  once you notice lice(tiny worm) on the birds. A kepromeg costs $5.

Once these medications have been administered, the birds will start laying eggs one after the other. They lay eggs in arithmetic progression, meaning, they drop  in 1s, 2s, 3s and so on. The birds can also lay eggs in a geometric progression meaning 10 birds can lay eggs at once or 20 at once, 40, 50 all at once.

The birds will reach their peak after 10 weeks to 12 weeks from their first dropping this means that the birds will conveniently pay for their feeds,pay for their medications and the poultry farmer will as well make profit.

The prices of eggs are determined by their age;first to sixth week of dropping, eggs are sold at $3, seventh week to tenth week of dropping eggs are sold at $4, eleventh week upward eggs are sold at $5. Minimum production of eggs from 1,500 birds is 45 creates of eggs, selling a crate at $5 dollars , 45 crates will be $225, in a week you can make total sales of 315 crates of eggs which is $1575 cash sales weekly, deduct expenses on feed,wages of workers, medication and others $900 weekly,meaning you will be making a whooping $675 profit  profit weekly! Calculate that on monthly basis!Poultry business is profitable also in the sense that  you make profit while the birds are with, you also make profit while disposing  the birds and an old layer cost $8 during festive period and $6 at normal seasons.

So what are you waiting for, start your investment in poultry business today and be your own boss and create employment for others.

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  • Anonymous June 20, 2014

    Great piece!


  • Anonymous June 23, 2014

    Thank you so much for this awesome information.


  • stanley December 29, 2014

    Thank you for this information. Please i will like to know how birds ( layers) can one have to be able to produce an average of one thousand crates of egg per month.


  • Johnson Mercy I January 26, 2016

    Very good piece Mr. Darlington.

    Please are this stuffs all contained in the same POULTRY E-BOOK that you sell?

    Again please permit me to point some things out here:

    1.) I think i might not find it much hard to comprehend the costs in dollar currency but i think preferably it should’ve appeared in our currency(Naira) instead for quick clearity purposes. We should be able to read and grab it quickly and at once and not grabbing a Calc first or a currency converter app; NO!

    2.) I would mean no offence rather add more integrity to this article if you permitted me to point out that a phrase like “At the time of writing” is perfect to come just immediately after the cost of any commodity so we wouldn’t take those costs as current unless may be you update them to the current.

    Thanks and once again it’s quite a wonderful piece.


  • henry izuchukwu March 12, 2016

    Hello sir, thank so you much for this beussiness idea poultry farm, infact with you shared here i will try to invest in poultry farm in nigeria .but my challenge in it now is ideal of this farm but with i learned from your post i can do it by God grace .please mr sir i will love you to give me more ideal of this about the poultry farm ?.like that ebook i will love to get one book i live in south Korea now after i buy a land and have 1,200,000 naira will it be enough for to start with 1000 birds please i really want to know if it will be possible for because if it is i have to come back to nigeria and start my life with that ?.
    Sir tell me what to do ?.i cant wait to see your reply
    Thanks once again
    And God bless you
    And your family


    • Darlinton Omeh March 12, 2016

      Henry, N1.2 million will be enough for you to start since you already have a land in acceptable area. If you wish to come back, that will be a good decision because we need to join hands and build this economy. Thank you!


  • Mary March 14, 2016

    Good evening sir, I’m interested in starting a poultry farm, but please where can l get the wired cages. already saving money to start up. Thanks.


  • Mary March 16, 2016

    Good morning mr. Darlinton, Thanks for all your good work using your God given talent to impact and empower people. Please l reside in Abuja, where can one get a land for agricultural purposes. That is free from demolition. Not too expensive but affordable for the poor masses.I intend going in to poultry farming with the little experience l’ve gotten. Have been rearing up to 100 birds in my compound for the past 8yrs now. Though in a rented apartment. Now l want to get my own land and start gradually.


    • Darlinton Omeh March 16, 2016

      Hello Mary, unfortunately I’m not familiar with Abuja and its environ. Poultry is best in a rural area, I mean area away from residential areas. So, pls make a finding from people who know Abuja very well. Thanks


  • Folasade April 2, 2016

    Thanks so much for this piece, beginners like me needs this type of information. .but the only thing that I don’t understand is why you used dollar and not Naira. And I like the part where you say it’s capital intensive because most of the ones have ready makes it look like is a half a million project . For a 1500 birds if anyone is starting from the scratch one is going to require 3. To 5million Naira .


  • olufemi April 7, 2016

    please i need quick answer on my question, apart from land aquire, how much can use to start the poultry in a small scale


  • CHRIS MENE April 14, 2016

    Thank u sir, am really inspired. you re a gift to our world.I will certainly go into it, still gathering capital.thank u and God bless u big.


  • Emmanuel Penawou June 29, 2016

    Good afternoon sir, why not put the figures in naira instead of dollars?


  • Abubakar Musa July 5, 2016

    Thank you so much sir for the poultry bussiness plan you provided. I will appreciate if you provide the cost in naira.


  • Osas July 9, 2016

    Interesting, how will i buy your your e-book? Thanks


  • Arabella July 10, 2016

    can you also give details of turkey as well . thanks


  • ade March 16, 2018

    Interesting write up, am about to start this business and I will need ur e book in addition to what u have given us here


  • Thank you for this helpful information. I would like to know how much will it require to set up a poultry of 2000 broilers birds for commercial purpose considering where is no facilities yet. What can be the projected estimate?


  • Myawutu Gonto May 17, 2018

    Thank you so much for this wonderful ideas,but please can I know how much to start with in naira,and how many birds should I start with as a corper or student?


  • Ebere May 27, 2018

    I want to start from the scratch or in small scale poultry business with 50000 can it produce a return profit


  • kelvin wigo July 17, 2018

    where can i buy a good chicken and a good turkey to start with


  • emmanuel December 3, 2018

    Can 1 million be enough for me to start d poultry business and buying a bus to distribute my goods with d 1 million


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