Import and Export-Wealth54 Comments

China is probably the biggest market in the world for importation of different kinds of products. There are so many goods you can import from China into Nigeria and sell for good profit but how exactly do you go about the process to import goods from China to Nigeria? What are the importation requirements and regulations? This post will try to explain not just how to import from China but the general importation requirements and procedures in Nigeria.

SEE ALSO: How To Import Cheap And Quality Goods From China

N10,000 can do nothing for you as far as importation is concerned, not even N100,000. If you want to import goods from China to Nigeria and sell to make money, you have to get professional about it.

Steps To Import Goods From China

Firstly: You need to start by scouting for the type of goods you want to import. Be diligent about it and balance your decision with proper reasoning. You have to make the list of products you think that will sell in Nigeria, I mean products that are not common in the market or products that are common but still hot cake.

Keypoint – China Laptops, Pads, Mobile phones, Children toys of all kinds, and Shoes are known to sell very well in Nigeria. While this is not a recommendation by me, you can as well look into that direction and see if it fits into your desired goods for importation.

Secondly: Having isolated some of the goods you think can do well in the market in Nigeria and decided on the particular one you want to import, the second step is to make a selection of merchants that deals with those goods in China. You don’t have to travel to China as the case may be except you have much amount of money to foot the travel bill. All you need to do is to make use of some of the China popular merchant websites such as Alibaba.com.

Keypoint – It’s easy to identify trusted merchants on a website like Alibaba.com due to the stringent security procedures they employ in certifying their trusted merchants. So, you don’t have to be afraid of contacting a merchant online, it is very safe and secure to some reasonable extend. But that doesn’t mean the system is infallible, you still need to take serious precaution especially if big amount is involved.

Thirdly: Start negotiation with the merchants to find out whose terms of contract will be most suitable to you. There are some important things you’d have to agree upon apart from the price of the goods. You will have to discuss and agree on method of shipment and mode of payment.

SEE ALSO: Fast Selling Goods You Can Import From China To Nigeria

As someone who is new to international trade, buying and importing good from a country as diverse and deep as China can be a bit risky sometimes, it is therefore advisable that you use escrow services where possible for payment to dealers on Chinese sites.

You may start by buying smaller quality of product for a particular dealer over time to establish how trust worth he is. Then you increase your order gradually. Verified merchants are dealers who have been doing business successfully on the site without any complain. Those are people you want to be patronizing; so before you place order with any dealer, check if he is verified.

Method of shipment is another critical factor to look into and agree upon and don’t forget that the type of shipment you use can greatly influence the final price of your goods. But should be the least of your concern since are not the cosigner. The method is the dealer’s to worry about as long as you have agreed and settled the price of goods.

Little things to note however is that while DHL and UPS offers easy, fast, and secure shipment, it comes with a higher price which will drive the final cost of your goods higher irrespective of who is paying for shipment. If a merchant is shipping through DHL or UPS, they must have added the cost to the price of the goods. (-_-)

Free On Board is the most popular system used for freight shipping, in conjunction with the port of loading. With this arrangement, the seller is responsible for transporting the goods to the port for shipment and also take care of the loading charges. From there the responsibility of clearing the goods from your own port and transporting it to your final destination and paying all costs of transport, insurance, etc becomes yours.

The Guideline For Importation In Nigeria

Though the Nigeria Port Authority (NPA) have made several claims in the past of how they have changed the face of port operation in Nigeria, I can assure you that things are still the same if not worst over the past eight years. Therefore, you have to prepare for the long list of unnecessary huddles and bureaucratic bottle neck.

But if the goods you are importing is a product in high demand, you can be sure of making your money in millions to cover all the hardship you went through. The good news is that importing from China isn’t as hard and costly as importing from other countries in Europe and America.

Below is a vital information about importation procedure in Nigeria. Please, share your opinion below after reading and let’s take the discussion further. You can ask questions or help others find answers to their question. Remember, no dropping of email or phone number in your comment.

A shipping company intending to bring cargo into a Nigerian sea port has to clear the ship by obtaining Ship Entry Notice (SEN) two months in advance from the Operations Department of Nigerian Ports Authority. The customer, in the alternative, could obtain clearance through a registered and licensed agent based in Nigeria.

This is without prejudice to all other regulations guiding the operations of other relevant government agencies and international laws regulating maritime operations. The procurement of a Ship Entry Notice is a guarantee that a vessel would have berthing facility on arrival in Nigeria. This in essence means that the ship does not come to queue and thus incur demurrage.

There are two categories of goods for the purposes of this guideline:

Merchandise And Raw Materials

Personal Effects

It is no longer mandatory that the consignee engages the services of a registered Clearing and Forwarding Agent in respect of merchandise and raw materials. In such cases, the consignee may opt for self clearance as is the

Types Of Cargo Requirements

There are two categories of goods for the purposes of this guideline:

(a) Merchandise and Raw Materials

(b) Personal Effects

it is no longer mandatory that the consignee engages the services of a registered Clearing and Forwarding Agent in respect of merchandise and raw materials. In such cases, the consignee may opt for self clearance as is the case with personal effects, where the owner may clear the cargo when familiar with the clearing procedure.

Bill of Lading

The consignor/shipper sends the Bill of Lading in advance of the arrival of the ship to the consignee/importer. This document contains the following vital information.

(a) The name of the ship carrying the goods
(b) The description of the goods along with their marks and numbers
(c) The date of departure from port of loading
(d) The weight of cargo
(e) The terms of contract of affreightment

Procedure: Import

The importer/consignee takes the Bill of Lading to the NPA Central Office for Planning and Information of the appropriate port for details about the arrival date of the ship and her allocated berth. This information can also be obtained from the shipping company

The importer or his agent completes the Bill of Entry and registers it with the Nigerian Customs Service.

The consignee or importer proceeds to the shipping company to effect Shipping Company Release of the goods

There, the Bill of Lading is cross-checked and compared with the ship’s manifest. After certifying the correctness of consignee’s documents, a blank form called Delivery Order (D.O.), supplied to the shipping company by the Nigerian Ports Authority, is then issued to the importer.

The consignee or his agent competes the Delivery Order and returns same and the Bill of Lading to the shipping company.

The shipping company then scrutinizes the details on the Delivery Order, endorses it and withdraws the original of the Bill of Lading from the consignee or his agent. Thereafter, the lower portion of the Delivery Order is detached and handed back to the importer who holds it as evidence of shipping company release.

The main body of the Delivery Order is sent to the Marketing Department of Nigerian Ports Authority at the specific port.

The Marketing Department then raises all necessary bills through a computerized system, marries the Release Note copy of the Customs Bills of Entry with the shipping company’s Delivery Order, after which bills are authorized.

The bills are then vetted by the Audit Department after which payments are effected at designated bank.

The necessary delivery sets are then produced using information contained in the Delivery Order and subsequently transferred to the transit shed or delivery point.

The consignee or his agent then proceeds to the appropriate transit shed or delivery point to effect delivery. After loading, cargo pass is issued to the consignee or his agent who then proceeds to NPA gate for security checks and final exit.

Facilities And Insensitive

The NPA provides various cargo handling equipment for both containers and general cargo. Roro facilities are available at the ports. Free storage period of six days from the last day of a ship’s completion of discharge are allowed for importers to clear their goods.

Ship Manifest is a summary of all Bills of Lading due for discharge at a particular port.

Delivery Order is a printed form supplied by the NPA to shipping companies for purposes of delivery of goods to the rightful owners.

Terminal Delivery Order is a document on the presentation of which a consignee or agent is authorized to take delivery of consignment at an NPA terminal, delivery point or shed.

It must be emphasized that carriage or cargo in excess of declaration on cargo manifest attracts sanction.

Related Posts

54 Comments

  • Anonymous March 6, 2014

    How long does all these procedure take?

    Reply

  • Anonymous July 13, 2014

    lovely insight

    Reply

  • Anonymous July 18, 2014

    Lovely insight indeed. Thanks

    Reply

  • Muhammad Tofa August 13, 2014

    This is very helpful, thank you for this and the clarity of this is superb. Question: Does anybody know some products that are very much in demand at this time?

    Reply

  • Anonymous September 10, 2014

    Thanks. Can you estimate the duration of completion for this procedure if every thing goes well starting from the consignor loading the good to shiiping company.

    Reply

  • Anthonia Bakare September 11, 2014

    I have been importing from China for a while now. I get my products through DHL and this is quite expensive but it is safer, faster and tidier. Apart from the shipping cost and escrow you will still pay custom duty. But as Mr. Omeh pointed out in the article, if the goods are in demand you still make your money and recover any additional costs so many times over.

    Reply

    • Anonymous November 14, 2014

      i guess your imports to be relatively small because DHL cut-throat prices is what made me land on this site.
      I am currently looking for clearing agent but I guess it can't be found here as contact details is prohibited.

      Reply

  • KELVIN OKOLOCHA September 15, 2014

    how long does goods take to arrive using DHL?

    Reply

    • Anonymous September 18, 2014

      Goods through DHL take less than 5 days. It actually arrives Nigeria in 3 days and the only delay is paying of custom which is done through DHL.

      Reply

  • Anonymous September 16, 2014

    Am into importation from china too but I use middleman to import and ship cos is cheaper and safer.

    Reply

    • Collins January 16, 2019

      Please tell me more about middle man stuff chat me up on +2348168606419

      Reply

    • Please I need help to start this importation business from China
      WhatsApp number 09064859552

      Reply

  • Anonymous September 16, 2014

    Pls how is the middleman shipment done?

    Reply

    • JOEL January 31, 2016

      MIDDLE MAN TAKES ALL THE PROCESS FROM SHIPPING TO CLEARING AND FINALLY HAND OVER YOUR GOODS TO YOU. LESS EXPENSIVE

      Reply

      • anonymous July 19, 2016

        Please, I really don’t understand this middle man thing. Can u explain? Thanks

        Reply

      • Jk November 20, 2017

        Pls I want more details on the middle men arrangement. Thanks

        Reply

      • Naomi November 7, 2019

        please Joel am interested may you educate me on it.
        09066354052

        Reply

  • Odotiti obukowho October 7, 2014

    how long it takes to arrive?

    Reply

    • JOEL January 31, 2016

      IT TAKES 5-7 DAYS BY AIR.

      Reply

      • miriam May 18, 2016

        how can i clear my goods without any proble? And like how much will it cost me?

        Reply

        • Victor Obinna January 30, 2019

          I believe the cost will ultimately depend on what you imported and or the quantity of the goods imported.

          Reply

      • Akinfenwa oluwashola April 13, 2019

        Please kindly chat me up
        08162252747

        Reply

  • ayodele olatubosun January 31, 2015

    Hi, is there any opportunity of one on one training from your end? Thanks.

    Reply

  • Russ March 23, 2016

    Hello, Thank you for your advises. Please i will like you to advise me on how to start importing goods from Overseas on a 40ft container and the profits i can realize by venturing into such business. And also educate me on how much i can invest by importing container load of toys from china. Awaiting your swift response.

    Reply

  • mercy April 19, 2016

    Plz How long does it takes to transport goods from China to Nigeria through ups

    Reply

  • chukwudi April 21, 2016

    this information is very helpful!Thank you for listing the things that is required for the importation process. I have being wanted to here about this information as I’m thinking of staring my own business.

    Reply

  • micheal May 4, 2016

    i like this i will give it a try if i can make it my self

    Reply

  • sarah May 5, 2016

    Sir,
    I want to know how i can pay for goods bought from China because GT Bank does not allow one to pay with the MasterCard on Chinese sites. so what are the alternatives?

    Reply

  • Hello i want to go into import and export in Nigeria, can you give me the right company who is product is very cheap that i can buy and sell in a Good profit in Nigeria? i will like to hare from you before i will stat the business of importation. thanks best regards… Onome import and export in Nigeria.

    Reply

  • Naomi May 20, 2016

    How about sending it through coconut seaport there are less hassles like our nigerian seaport not its easy to clear from seme boarder.
    Am a clearing get agent so if you have a 40ft container or 20th contact me now I’ll tell u how you ship to coconut not get it cleared without hassles

    Reply

    • Victory February 17, 2018

      I would like to have ur contact Naomi, I am currently in search of a reliable clearing agent. Thanks

      Reply

  • Naomi May 20, 2016

    Sorry cotonu seaport

    Reply

  • JD Mangai June 2, 2016

    Thank you for this important write up. It is an eye opener in the area of importation. Are the processes for shipment by air and sea the same? How can importers access form A to enable payment for goods in view of the new monetary policies. It appears government is discouraging beginners in international bussiness by their stringent fiscal policies. We need to encourage all genuine bussiness men/women in our quest to turn around the economy.

    Reply

  • Adeoye August 8, 2017

    How practicable is self clearing, hope Nigerian customs will not frustrate one?

    Reply

  • Cyril Oduh October 27, 2017

    This is very helpful information, how do I reach the middleman

    Reply

  • KelechiJunior January 12, 2018

    Please I’m interested of selling jewelry necklaces rings and earrings etc not gold ooo how can I get the dealers that sell all this things here in Nigeria

    Reply

  • segun sosanya April 2, 2018

    nice piece we are able to help people that need agents and guidance on how to source and ship from china feel free to contact us directly or via the admin of this blog. we can also show you how to source product using picture of what you are intrested in buying from china and how to remit payment or consolidate your shipment look up getittome on instagram or google and make contact

    Reply

    • Naomi November 7, 2019

      Mr Segun please I am interested

      Reply

  • segun sosanya April 2, 2018

    admin kindly contact me would love to share how i can help with many of the questions here

    Reply

  • Michael Jacob June 11, 2018

    Please can someone help me ,I already have a good supplies in China and Agent which I got the sample goods from them but my problem is how to pass custom trouble and how I will get my goods ship down to Nigeria in a cheaper way.

    Reply

  • Amarachi Amadi January 16, 2019

    Mr Segun pls I want to learn how to source for good product and how to make order too

    Reply

  • olukemi January 18, 2019

    please dollar is 366 now which means the price of the goods from China And shipping, clearing will be higher than last year ….is this the best time to import

    Reply

  • David Adeyemi January 28, 2019

    I want to start this import business, but I don’t know how, can anyone please help, tell me what I need to do, and how to start

    Reply

  • David January 28, 2019

    I’m interested in this business but I don’t know how it is done, please can anyone help me.

    Reply

  • AfiaBlog April 12, 2019

    Mini importation as it is popularly called in Nigeria is the modern means of importing goods from abroad especially from China to Nigeria. I started mini importation around 2013 and it’s been awesome. I have decided to share my experiences to show people for free how to make money importing goods from China to Nigeria. You don’t need to use DHL, UPS or FedEx as they will eat into your profit. I teach how to buy cheap and quality items from Chinese wholesale websites and have them in Nigeria in a few days. Follow me on IG @afiablog for more

    Reply

  • AfiaBlog April 12, 2019

    Mini importation as it is popularly called in Nigeria is the modern means of importing goods from abroad especially from China to Nigeria. I started mini importation around 2013 and it’s been awesome. I have decided to share my experiences to show people for free how to make money importing goods from China to Nigeria. You don’t need to use DHL, UPS or FedEx as they will eat into your profit. I teach how to buy cheap and quality items from Chinese wholesale websites and have them in Nigeria in a few days.

    Reply

  • noisemakers April 21, 2019

    am interested. mail me how to go about it

    Reply

  • loveth May 3, 2019

    thanks for the information, pls I need help the cost I used in shipping goods from China to Nigeria is bigger than the money I used in buying the goods. as a result of that I keep running into loss please what should I do.

    Reply

  • loveth May 3, 2019

    thanks for the information. pls I need help, the money I used in shipping goods from China to Nigeria is bigger than the money I used in buying the goods as a result of that I keep running loss. please what should I do.

    Reply

  • Khadijah Sulaiman May 28, 2019

    An interesting piece.i have been importinv from China for almost a year with little hitches,as we know we cannot get it 100% Everytime.there are two ways you can buy item from China and import.i can help train a serious person at a fee.+23409058880387

    Reply

  • Love August 22, 2019

    Please tell me more about the middle man.
    Lovenewman@gmail.com

    Reply

Add a comment