Business-Food Processing9 Comments

Cassava Chips production is a relatively new business idea in Nigeria. Cassava Chips is a product derived from cassava. Nigeria is the largest producer of cassava in the world with a yield of about 54 million tonnes of cassava in 2012. Cassava (Manihot spp) is a tropical perennial crop cultivated mainly for its edible root, is a staple food consumed worldwide and provides much economic benefit to the producers.

Cassava can be processed in a variety of ways to arrive at different products including as gari, fufu, lafun, starch, chips and pellets, etc.

Cassava chips are unfermented white dried products of cassava with an average diameter of 3mm – 5mm often used as a carbohydrate base in the animal feed industry particularly in Europe, or milled into flour for other uses such as in the production of ethanol, cakes, dough nut and biscuits.

SEE ALSO: How Cassava Farming is an Opportunity for Investors

The demand for Cassava Chips as an industrial product is wide. It cuts across so many industries such as distilleries,
pharmaceutical, food and most especially the animal feed industry. The estimated demand for Cassava Chips in Nigeria was found to be in excess of 1,500,000T/annum.

1. Benefits of Cassava Chips Production

There is a high export demand in China especially for ethanol production. In fact, Nigeria is planning to export chips to China to the tune of 1,100,000T this year. This is a clear indication that Cassava Chips has a high market potential.

The international price of cassava chips fluctuates between $1, 200 and $1,300 per metric tonne. Locally, it is sold at N120, 000 per tonne.

The above facts make the project to be socially desirable and economically viable. It is also technically feasible and highly profitable. With a good management and marketing approach, a minimum profit margin of N20,000 is obtainable from producing a tone of good quality Cassava chips.

SEE ALSO: How to Make N40,000 – N120,000 Per Month Producing Plantain Chips

The project researched on targets a minimum processing capacity of 102tones per day, which implies an average production output of 25tones per day. This gives a minimum profit margin of N500, 000 which
translates to N14, 000, 000 monthly.

However, the processing and production capacity of the plant can be doubled if the factory operates a two shift program. This by extension doubles the profitability of the venture.

2. Cassava Chips Production Process

(a) Peeling:  Production of Cassava chips starts with the peeling of the cassava.  Peeling can be done mechanically or manually. Mechanical peelers peel as much as 2,400 – 2,500Kg per hour with a wastage rate of 30-40% while manual peeling does 22Kg per man hour and wastage of 20-25%.

Mechanical peelers are problematic because of the non-uniform nature of the cassava roots and the irregularity in size which make smooth peeling difficult. Also, the thickness of the skin, the texture and the strength of adhesion to
the flesh of the tuber differ from specie to specie thereby making over-peeling and under-peeling possible. As a result of these problems, processors prefer manual peeling for now till the mechanical is
perfected.

(b) Washing: The peeled tubers are thoroughly washed to remove all dirt and sand that may adhere to them. Export requirements insist that sand content should not be more than 2%.

(c) Chipping: The washed tubers are carted to the chipping machines where they are chipped into small chips of about 1-2 centimetre thickness and 6-7 cm long. The sizes at times depend on the prescription of the order.

(d) Drying: The wet chips are taken to the Rotary Dryer where they are dried to 12-14% moisture content.

(e) Bagging: they are then weighed and bagged in 50kg polypropylene bags and stored.

3. Raw Material Required

The major raw material is cassava tubers. The average daily output capacity of the Plant is 25Mt. The daily raw material requirement is therefore 100-105Mt of cassava tubers and the monthly requirement is about
2,652Mt.

It should be noted that four metric tons of wet chips will produce one MT of dried chips.

4. Cost Implication

The cost of procurement and installation of machinery is about eight million five hundred and fifty thousand naira (N8, 550, 000). Other facilities that will be needed at the plant are; Generator, Stitching Machine, Industrial Scale, Pickup Van, Borehole or other sources of water, Trolleys etc. This implies that about fifteen million naira will
be required to conveniently kick-start the project.

Written by: Ibrahim Ahmad Bello

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9 Comments

  • dr komolafe May 18, 2014

    weldone.

    Reply

  • BASSEY UBANGHA June 12, 2015

    Hi, my name is Bassey a student of business management and entrepreneurship Ugep. your article is very helpful, I realy appreciate your write up, however, I would plead that you end me more details of starting cassava exportations and the most necessary things needed as my project is on starting cassava exportation. thanks
    here is my mail: [email protected]
    blog: http://www.ournaija4us.blogspot.com
    facebook page: http://www.facebook.com/ournaija4us

    Reply

  • ACE GRADUATE SCHOOL November 18, 2015

    Great piece. It is quite interesting how much wealth most people sit on without realizing it.

    Reply

  • Agene Thomas April 27, 2016

    My state Kogi is the largest producer of Cassava Tubers in Nigeria.

    we need investors to come and invest in the processing of Cassava.
    land and water is available.

    Help us.

    Reply

    • Virtue J October 20, 2017

      Hi @Agene Thomas, can you drop your contact. Im a potential investor

      Reply

  • paul June 10, 2016

    Good day, I read your write up, and it’s a very good investment,but to reduce the cost of processing, what if you use sun to dry the cassava chips just as raw cashew nut is been dried. I know it may take time but will it still meet up the required standard?

    Reply

  • D D T. July 12, 2016

    Very helpful. Thanks.

    Reply

  • Ugwu KC December 16, 2017

    You just stired up my dying passion that, please i need your assistance in planning and costing

    Reply

  • Adebayo A.B February 7, 2018

    Great post,Cant the chips be dried with sun to meet the export standard,
    thanks

    Reply

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