Agriculture59 Comments

Another secret cash machine that people tend to ignore is plantain farming in Nigeria and we want to take a look about how it works. Plantain is very easy to cultivate and maintain unlike other cash crops that requires so much time and money to maintain.

This is a low capital agribusiness and almost every Nigerian soil is good for plantain plantation as experience has shown. Therefore, if you have any land with loamy soil, you can start plantain farming on it and start harvesting cash now.


Plantain is a staple food that is very popular in the tropical regions. It is the tenth most important foot staple that feed people of all race around the world. Plantain is treated in much the same way as potatoes and it comes with similar natural flavor and texture when the unripe fruit is cooked by steaming, boiling or frying.

Plantain fruits all year round, which makes the crop a more reliable all-season staple food, particularly in developing countries like Nigeria with inadequate food storage, preservation technology and transportation. In Africa, plantains and bananas provide more than 25 percent of the carbohydrate requirements for over 700 million people.

SEE ALSO: How To Start Plantain And Banana Plantation And Make Million

plantains, thrive in tropical regions where the warm temperature, bright sun and adequate moisture create optimum growing environments. Tropical soils, however, are not always suitable for plantain production.

Tropical regions of the world, including the plantain producing regions of southeastern Nigeria, often exhibit soils that are nutrient poor, that’s what scientist says but experience has proved contrary as you can see. There is hardly any part of Nigeria that you wouldn’t see plantain growing. That means it can do well on most Nigerian soil.

What You Need For Plantain Farming

To cultivate plantain plantation, you will need the following:-

1. Land with good soil – Loamy soils are the best producing soils for plantain farming because they contain a good organic to inorganic ratio. Organic materials, such as decaying plants and insects, provide soil with air, nutrients and water-retaining matter. This combination of ingredients, when combined with mineral particles, allows soil to remain loose and fertile.

In tropical rain forests part of Nigeria, organically rich soils are shallow. Plantains will thrive for one to three years but then die back because the layer of organic matter is easily depleted. To avoid depletion, it is necessary to provide soils with compost and mulch.

2. Prepare the soil – Clear the land and cut some of the trees if any, Plantain plants also grow best in bunches or groups because they protect each other from the harsh rays of the sun. It is important to create an environment where the plantain plants are sheltered either because they are bunched up together or there are other trees to protect them.

It is important to maintain the humidity of the plantain plantation by allowing some of the trees to remain for the purpose of protecting the plant from excessive sun and to enhance the humidity. This is very essential in plantain farming environment.

3. Get the plantain suckers – Considering that a plantain plant is not a tree but a type of herb, they cannot actually be grown from seeds like most trees. Plantain plants are grown through suckers. Suckers are those that grow from a dying, mature plantain plant that can be transplanted and re-grown. They may be considered as baby plants that are used to start new plantain plants. Choose suckers from plants that are vigorous. They should have small, spear shaped leaves and are about four feet high.

There is a corm at the bottom of each mature plantain tree. In transplanting a sucker, it is necessary to cut downwards and get as much corm and root as possible. Plant these and cut or decapitate the sucker to facilitate good evaporation. Keep around two to five meters between planted suckers. In the early days of your plant, keep them moist but not too wet as they don’t have leaves yet to evaporate the water.

4. Control the weeds – The weeds control is very important if you want your plantain to do well, the cost of weed management could account for up to. 45% of the total cost of plantain plantation management in Nigeria. Use traditional weed control of employing laborer to do the weed cutting.

As the plantain grows, it is important to protect it from strong winds. It is also important to keep it well watered. One can also sprinkle fertilizers every now and then but mostly throwing the plantain dead leaves back into the plant is enough to sustain the rich quality of the soil.

Unlike other trees, plantain do not need complicated pruning. Just remove dead leaves and dead plants near the plantain. Also remove suckers from the plant keeping only one or two that have spear shaped leaves.

If you must use a fertilizer, Use an NPK fertilizer, or a fertilizer mixed with nitrogen, potassium and phosphorous. Fertilizing the plantains once a month will stimulate growth. The fertilizer should be placed evenly in a circle that is four to eight feet from the trunk.

Within 8-10months your plantain should be ready to produce, and as one is getting matured for harvest, another one is replacing it, they continue in that circle removing any stress expenses of planting again. All you do is to harvest and reap your profits all year round. The same thing apply to Banana.

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  • Anonymous August 31, 2013

    God bless you for giving hope and enlightenment to those who have ears to hear!

  • Otonye October 1, 2013

    thank you. I found this site very enlightening. I am actually interested in snail farming . I love snails and I think I can eat some and sell some. Otonye from portharcourt.

  • Alabama November 4, 2013

    I have over one hundred acres of land and I want to go into commercial production of plantain flour and chips, question, where do I get hybrid sucker to plant and what states or town can we outsource in large quantity to jump start our own plantain flour factory. Thank you

    • Darlinton Omeh November 4, 2013

      I don't know where you can get it large quantity but I'll try and find out. Anyone who knows should pls share the information with others

      • UZOMA ROBINSON May 30, 2017

        i want to start a plantain business but i need a guild to write my business plan and how to go about the feasibility studies.

    • Anonymous June 18, 2014

      are u in port-harcourtif yes I think I can help I currently have a plantain plantation of 100 plantains and 25 bananas I can link you to where I got mine

    • Anonymous November 30, 2014

      Good day, how many plots of land accommodated the 100 stands of plantain n 25 stands of banana

  • aina segun November 8, 2013

    Interesting…Pls how much is the minimum amount someone can use to set up this plantain farming?…Segun.

  • DEE December 28, 2013

    Hello Darlington, I stumbled on this website and its very informative. I have about 5 Hectares of farm land in Abuja and was considering starting a Plantain plantation. But the weather here can be pretty hash, so i'm looking for guidance as to what i can plant here aside from Cassava, Maiza, Millet or Sorghum. Any pointer will be appreciated.

  • DEE December 28, 2013

    Thank you for this website which i found quiet informative. I am based in Abuja and have a 5 Hectares of farm land (not currently in use). I had wanted to start a Plantain Plantation, but on reading about the requirements especially the weather – It can be a bit hash here.
    So now i am wondering which direction to go aside from the usual Cassava, Maiza, millet, etc. Any pointer would be appreciated.

    • Darlinton Omeh December 28, 2013

      Well, you need to think about it seriously and come up with the kind of crop you think will do well there.

      If you are looking for long term, you may consider Palm, Cashew, Green Peas, and other cash crops.

      If you are looking at short terms, you need to look at Vegetables (Ugu, Carrot, Okra, Green beans, Cucumber,) Cassava, Rice, Beans, Soybeans.

  • Anonymous March 10, 2014

    I have 15,000 hybrid plantain suckers @ Simeon & Moses Farms, for sale @ N500 /sucker or N700/sucker to be delivered at you choice destination within Nigeria. Another 30000 will be available in 3months time. book by text psm / quantity/delivery point/ amount per sucker to. Pls do not pay any money to any one claiming to be our rep.

    • Anonymous September 6, 2014

      Farming is not a racket, hybride suckers goes for #100 un ogun state

    • Anonymous November 24, 2014

      Thank you. It's even N120 here in Abuja. Some people eh. N500 ni, N700 ko

    • Temabor March 8, 2016

      Is this price not on the high side? Am interested and saving for it, but i think its expensive.

    • Sylvester E. Akpan June 15, 2016

      I am highly interested in hybrid plantain suckers. But will it do well in Abuja, as the period of rains are very short. How long will it take to mature? Thanks

    • omoniyi June 20, 2016

      please put the number to send it to

  • Ask July 10, 2014

    What should be the spacing between each sucker? Thanks

    • Darlinton Omeh July 10, 2014

      2.5 meters is my ideal spacing.

      • Idongesit Archibong April 4, 2016

        please i have a question Darlington. In preparing the sucker, must i cut off the upper part of the suckers? i planted abt 100 suckers abt 2 yrs ago. all died. still cant say why. but could it be i didnt cut off the upper part? and poor weeding? Kindly advice please. I want to start again this April or May.

      • IbemEzinne September 7, 2016

        Darlington please we talk i need you to put me through on plantain farming

  • Anonymous July 13, 2014

    Please,how many plantain stands can i have in an Hectare

  • CHIBUEZE EGEONU July 28, 2014

    Nice nice nice……am seriously considering starting a plantain plantation… one and only challenge now is which type/specie is best in terms of high yield, size…..and wer to get/buy the suckers….or rather…is there any place someone can take a training course on planting plantain/other crops….. Am seriously serious abt this

  • Anonymous August 13, 2014

    I leave in japan I am thinking to come back home to start plantain farming , but I need land for it

  • Gabby D’ Souza September 19, 2014

    Does anyone know the name of the trees in the picture? Thanks

  • Anonymous September 30, 2014

    Good job you are doing here.
    Pls am seriously interested pineapple plantation. Land is not my problem,I hav more than enough but how do I get the hybrid pineapple suckers.tnxs

  • Anonymous September 30, 2014

    Good job you are doing here.
    Pls am seriously interested pineapple plantation. Land is not my problem,I hav more than enough but how do I get the hybrid pineapple suckers.tnxs

  • Anonymous October 8, 2014


  • Bernie Amce December 2, 2014

    God bless

  • Chiege Kelechi January 1, 2015

    I have a Plantain farm in Abia State presently with 380 sucker spots. I intend to build it up to 5000 spots and have the land for this increase. How can I access loan/ facility to help me meet this target.

  • Ken January 20, 2015

    This is very useful and enlightening. I wish to start a plantation and banana plantation and i would require the intellectual knowhow in that regards. Thanks.

  • Anonymous June 19, 2015

    Frank, please where can we get plantain sucker to buy in quantity and good quality

  • Anonymous December 11, 2015

    Please where can I get hybrid suckers.

  • Bolaji January 24, 2016

    I leave in Ibadan, I need an expert and experience person in planting plantation to consult me, money is not a problem, I just need right person.

    • Adebayo Stephen May 2, 2016

      I am based in Ibadan,my farm is also situated in Ibadan.I am a consultant on plantain farming and i have set up farms for can reach me on

  • Iam Umason February 1, 2016

    traditional practice is to put ashes around the plantain this makes them firmer to the soil. can poultry droppings be used as manure instead of npk?

  • SHAKIRAH May 20, 2016


  • amamchi Collins May 21, 2016

    if you need high yield plantain and bananasuckers from IITA ibadan you can contact me

  • Abiola Alabi May 22, 2016

    Sir, what is the minimum capital required to start a plantain farm and how many plots of lands will be ideal for 100 suckers?
    Abiola Alabi

  • Minaye, O May 24, 2016

    my farm is in PH, it is 42 plots (100ft by 50 ft each). What specie of plantain should I plant. How much to deliver each sucker? I will need up to 1000 suckers. What other crop can I plant with the plantain? I hope it is not too late to plant plantain in the middle of June. please advise.

    • Michael June 16, 2016

      I think i can help with the supply of suckers of any amount. Call me on for the supply.

  • chidinma July 20, 2016

    Hello Mr Darlington, I have 2 hectares of land that is being cleared now for plantain plantation. Please how many suckers do I need in each hectare if I follow your spacing of 2.5m apart?

    I would really appreciate a reply from you.


  • lizzy July 21, 2016

    Hello,i am starting a plantain farm in a month’s time, I need about 500 hybrid suckers. Please how long would it take them to reach harvest

  • Ime Inyang July 22, 2016

    Hello Darlington
    Please can it grow well at Oban in cross river state?

  • Jasper July 26, 2016

    Hi Darlington,

    Please what are the risks involved in the whole plantain value chain business??



  • ayindejelili July 29, 2016

    I have 4 plots of land here in Lagos for plantain plantation. How many hybrid suckers do i need to start on the land? can you also help with where i can get the hybrid suckers and at what cost?

  • greatmuhyideen August 21, 2016

    I like this your write up. But I will like you to make some clarification on the standard spacing required of banana plantation?

  • Inspire September 7, 2016

    Good Piece!
    Please where can I get Hybrid Plantain Suckers in Port Harcourt?
    Prompt response will be appreciated.

  • DoDo September 13, 2016

    Good day. I have plantain sucker for just #100.And genuine hectates of land. In ogun state. If you are intrested your can contact me.

  • CemNosakhareAndrew May 28, 2017

    Thank you mr Darlington.My question is;what other cash crop can I plant with plantain on same land.And I need contact on where to get the hybrid sucker that will gurantee uptimum yield.

  • Olanrewaju Kelvin June 18, 2017

    Hi Hommies,
    I lives in Dubai, am planing to relocate back to Nigeria soonest, looking to go into plantain and snails farming. My questions now are! (1) How can i get land at affordable price to start plantain farming (2) Can i get required training for this? if yes where and whats the duration for the training? (3) How much do i need to start up a commercial plantain farming (4) Is it possible to have my snails and plantain farm on the same place? or better-still should i use my backyard for the snail?. Your kind advise and directive will be highly appreciated.

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