Agriculture3 Comments

Watermelon farming is one of the mainstay of agriculture in Nigeria which is gradually taking over from crude oil. This is so because the country is gradually witnessing a shift from crude oil focused exports, to agricultural produce focused exports. This has seen an increase in the level of foreign exchange earned by Nigeria, and by extension the farmers. Poverty is being reduced to a bare minimum through this. In this article, we will focus on an agricultural produce which is in high demand both domestically and internationally.

This produce is non other than watermelon. The watermelon fruit is highly nutritious as well as having the much needed water to hydrate your body. Due to its high nutritious content it is recommended by nutritionists to to be taken as often as possible.

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Some Nutritious Benefits of Watermelon

Having introduced the subject of our discussion, let’s check out some nutritious benefits of this fruit to the body. Why is watermelon a highly desirable fruit? It is simply because it is made up of 92% water. Other nutrients contained in watermelon includes vitamin A, B6, and C. Others include antioxidants, lycopene, amino acids and potassium.

These are well known nutrients which are beneficial to the body and decrease the chances of the body coming under health risks. One of his several advantages is that it is easily accessible and very cheap. This means that it is well within the reach of the every Nigerian.

Watermelon Farming in Nigeria

Every part of Nigeria supports watermelon farming. However, a bulk of current production comes from the northern part of the country. Although this is the case, you can take advantage of its ability to grow anywhere within Nigeria to start cultivating it. Watermelon is always available. This is due to rainy season and irrigation cultivation of the fruit. This means that the fruit is available all year round.

There is always high demand for it which is why you you should consider starting this business. While being highly marketable and financially rewarding, the start up costs for this business is significantly low.

Requirements for Starting this Business

Capital is a basic requirement for starting any business. A watermelon business is no different. However, capital is not the only requirement you need as there are also others which must be put in place such as land, seedlings, fertilizer and labour. From the above mentioned requirements, land is one of the most important. However, getting one can be significantly costly. If you have one already, you would have significantly reduced the costs of starting this business.

You also have to determine which variety of watermelon you want to plant as there are several varieties of these fruits. Some of these include;

  • The Crimson Sweet Watermelon – This is one of the common varieties of watermelon in Nigeria. It has a deep red flesh, as well as a very sweet taste.
  • The Black Diamond – This specie is yet another type of watermelon variety. This has a dark skin, but has a red flesh within.
  • The Congo Watermelon – Another varieties of watermelon include the Congo variety and the moon and stars variety.

Cultivation of Watermelon in Nigeria

There are several ways to cultivate watermelon. However, it all depends on your soil condition. It is important to note that when planting your watermelon seedlings,seedlings, you should try as much as possible to avoid waterlogged areas. This is because it does not thrive in such conditions. Ridges are the best for commercial production of watermelon.

The depth of your seedlings should be about 30 centimeters, while the space apart should be about a foot wide. This allows for proper growth of the plants and easy spread. If your farm has clay soil, then its water retention rate would be higher. Therefore if you’ll be using irrigation, you should water the plants once a week. Loamy soils are the best for watermelon in rainy season.

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Other Important Requirements

It is very important that after having met all the above requirements, you should have a highly efficient marketing structure in place. This is to facilitate easy disposal of your products. Without this in place, you will likely lose your investments as these fruits are highly perishable.

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  • Chibuzor Mbazu June 8, 2018

    Hello watermelon farmers. Have you had situations where the rind of your watermelon fruit begins to soften while the fruit is still unripe?

    Here is a few reason why that may occur.

    1. Your watermelon may be infected with gummy stem blight disease. This is a fungal disease that causes softening, and circular lesions on watermelon. Spraying fungicide will help curb the spread of the disease

    2. Calcium deficiency in the soil can cause the blossom end to rot. This rot goes on to leave a black spot on the fruit. However, you can improve the calcium content of the soil be spraying lime in your farm and watering adequately so that the plants can absorb the nutrients.

    3. Another reason for rot comes from abrasions and cuttings on the fruit during weeding with hoes and other mechanical equipment. In this case, adequate care must be take to prevent hurting the fruits.

    I wish you success in you farm.
    Together, we feed the world!!


  • Kaheesi julius November 23, 2018

    Iam a ugandan youth aged 26years seeking international market and seeking to get a potential place where i can invest my farming skills and passion as business. i have on several occassions read much about nigeria in terms of bussiness and i should say iam pretty conviced it could be a comfortable place for me to invest my skills and money in the agribussiness industry.

    i then seek some on e who can connect with me and we have a one on one talk concerning the matter and tell me more about agribussiness in nigeria possibly that would guide me and give me another step towards my interests in nigeria.

    At the moment i would like to invest five million naira in hoticultural farming and animal husbundry as for the start but first i need more information regarding this bussiness in terms of market security labour transport land availability etc.
    +256-757 867 381 is my mobile cell number and also whatsapp number


  • Abdulsalam Babatunde Alfa January 4, 2019

    Hello am Abdulsalam by name I wish to start a watermelon farming but I want to make a marketing structure before starting so that I won’t lose () I will like it if it can be international


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