A cough is an uncontrolled or reflex action that the body uses to clean up the airways. This action expels irritants like smoke or dust and mucus from the airways, it is not a sign of a serious condition in most cases although it can be discomforting.
A dry cough is that which is sticky and does not produce mucus (phlegm) when mucus is produced to help clear the airway, it is known as a chesty cough.
Most coughs last at most 3 weeks, it can come on its own or they accompany some illnesses like typhoid. If a cough is persistent after three weeks and you cough out blood, it is advisable you see a doctor so that the root cause can be diagnosed and treated.
A cough that lasts for more than eight weeks is a chronic cough.
Causes of Coughs
The main aim of coughs is to clear the throat and airways of foreign particles, irritants, and mucus but there are other factors that can trigger coughs.
Viruses and bacteria are also common causes of coughs. That is why a cough is usually common in microbial infections like flu, common cold, respiratory infection and others.
Irritants like smoking can cause a chronic cough that has a distinctive sound. It is known as “smoker’s cough”. Some medical conditions like pneumonia, asthma, bronchitis, allergies, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and GERD can cause coughs.
There are some medicines or medications that cause coughs as side effects and this includes drugs used to treat high blood pressure and heart conditions. Discontinuing these medications stops the cough.
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Home Remedies for Coughs
These are natural expectorant, they clear up mucus from the respiratory tract and this helps to ease coughs. They also contain antimicrobial and antiseptic compounds that help kill and eliminate microbes that may be behind the cough.
You can eat lots of grapes when having a cough or you can make fresh grape juice without adding sugar, you can add honey for taste and it also has a soothing property. Take this many times daily.
Carrots and Carrot juice reduce the severity and duration of coughs and also help relieve the symptoms. You can eat lots of carrots or juice them and take the juice with honey added to it. Do these 4 times daily till you see an improvement in your condition.
Turmeric is effective against dry coughs, it relieves the symptoms of dry coughs and soothes the throat. Take turmeric tea many times daily to heal the cough and soothe your throat and respiratory tract.
You should add a teaspoon of black pepper to the tea to help with the absorption of Curcumin. You can also make this tea very effective by adding carom seeds, cinnamon sticks, and honey. Take this tea many times daily.
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This hot spice helps to relieve chest pain that occurs when coughing. It warms and stimulates decongestion and aids the easy flow of mucus thereby treating dry coughs. You can make a syrup with this spice and take it three times daily.
Mix a quarter teaspoon of cayenne pepper, a quarter spoon of ginger powder, and one tablespoon of honey, one tablespoon of ACV and two tablespoons of water. Mix them thoroughly and take these three times daily.
This is one of the most effective and popular natural cures for coughs. It cures coughs, it relieves the pains and symptoms and clears irritants and mucus from the respiratory system.
You can chew on fresh ginger roots or take ginger tea. Add lemon and honey to make it more effective and to relieve the cough fast. It cures stubborn coughs, relieves a sore throat and decongests the chest and airways.
Take this tea four times daily.
Honey treats a dry cough and relieves chest pain. It even stops a nighttime cough and helps you sleep well. Take two tablespoons of honey before going to bed and also take two tablespoons three times daily, making a total of four times daily.
This soothes the throat and clear mucus from the respiratory tract leading to a quick recovery.
Lemons and lemon juice is a powerful cure for coughs caused by viruses and bacteria. It fights the microbes causing this and it also relieves inflammation. You can take lemon juice or lemon water many times daily.
You can also mix lemon juice with honey and a little cayenne pepper and drink or you make a syrup by mixing a tablespoon of honey and two tablespoons of lemon juice. This is a simple but effective cough syrup that can be taken many times daily.
This is a simple and effective remedy for coughs, use onions with strong scents, the stronger the scent the more effective it will be. Just breathing in the vapor alone can stop coughs. You can juice onions and take the juice in tablespoon spoons at frequent intervals during the day.
You can mix a half teaspoon of onion juice with a teaspoon of raw honey and take this solution to treat a dry cough.
This is an effective treatment for those with coughs caused by microbes, garlic has a strong antimicrobial and antifungal property. Boil some cloves of fresh garlic in a cup of water and take add one teaspoon of oregano and little honey. Drink this, it will clear your airways and relieve the symptoms.
Crush fresh garlic cloves and mix it with few drops of clove oil, add little honey and take this. It treats coughs and sore throats. You can also eat raw garlic cloves and add them generously to your meals.
Thyme tea is an effective therapy for coughs, it has a strong antimicrobial property that helps in fighting microbes that cause coughs. It relaxes the muscles in the bronchi and trachea, it decongests the airways and open it. This relieves the symptoms and heals the cough.
You can use fresh thyme figs or the dried ones. Boil a handful of thyme leaves for 15 minutes and strain, add honey and lemon. Take this tea many times daily.